The 14th February is termed as 'Saint Valentines' Day' in western countries.This day is not called 'Love Day' or 'Lovers Day'.But usually in Indian sub-continent such as in Bangladesh this day is termed as 'Love Day' or in Bangla 'ভালোবাসা দিবস'(pronounced: válöbâshå dîbôsh) which is creating a lot of misconception regarding its original history.
The First word of 'Saint Valentines' Day' expresses half of the history of this day.In Advanced Oxford Learners' Dictionary,the word 'Saint' means,"A person declared to be holy by the Christian Church because of her/his qualities or good works".Valentine is actually a name of a person.Who gave his whole life and served for the Christianity faith.So it is clear that the main motive of celebrating 'Saint Valentines' Day' is to show respect towards Saint Valentine.If the Encyclopedias are observed then more history about this day can be found.
There are various commentary in Christian history regarding the celebration of Valentines' Day.Some of them have been mentioned below.
First,during the time of 270 AD.The Emperor of Rome was Claudius II.He prohibited the marriage of religious men and women.He believed that marriage would deviate men from war.But Saint Valentine went against this prohibition and secretly he accomplished several marriages of other people.When the Emperor came to know about this he called Saint Valentine before him.Valentine then argued that he cannot believe in such prohibition.Thus the Emperor imprisoned Valentine for such disobedience.The Emperor put forward a condition before Valentine to accept the ancient Paganism for his freedom.On 14th February,270 AD; Valentine was sentenced to death for not taking the proposal of the Emperor.
Second,during the time of Valentine's imprisonment,many loving couples came to meet Valentine.A daughter of one of the guards of the prison used to meet Valentine who was blind.Valentine fell in love with her.Then Valentine cured her through his spiritual powers.On the day of Valentine's death,he wrote a letter to her and his final words were,"Your Valentine".Valentine's so called love story is not known any further.
Third, according to history,when Christianity spread across Europe still then a Romanian culture was practiced.The Romans used to celebrate a festival called 'Lupercalia' in the mid February 250 years before the birth of Jesus Christ(pbuh).They used to believe in Polytheism and one of the name of their god was Lupercas.During this festival they used to seek the blessings of a god named Cupid.Regarding Cupid the Advanced Oxford Learners' writes,"The Roman God of Love,,,a picture or statue of a beautiful boy with wings,a bow & arrows represents love".They used to believe that Cupid uses magical arrows which creates love.Holding onto such belief,still now cards are sold with Cupid symbol on Valentines' Day in different European countries.
The mentionable program during this festival was that women were given to men by lottery for sex so that they may get the blessings of a goddess named Junu Februata who was popularly known as the goddess of love.The names of women were written in a box and the men choosed the names through lottery.In such a way the woman chosed by the man would live together for one year which is nowadays callled 'Live Together'.They believed that they would get the satisfaction of the goddess through this.In 1776,the government of France prohibited this absurd and bogus festival.Slowly it was also prohibited in Italy,Austria,Hungary,Germany and England.
Later on, when Roman Empire started to give importance to the Christianity Faith,Valentine was given the title 'Saint'.A church was made in 350 AD in the same place where Valentine died.Finally in 496 AD Pope Glacius declared 14th February as 'Saint Valentine's Day'.On this day a holy soul was selected through lottery in Churches by various religious activities according to the Christianity faith.
Question may arise,"How the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia for the worship of Roman gods and goddesses turned to 'Saint Valentines Day' or so called 'Love Day' in the modern era?" Well by further investigation of such information we came to know that a card selling company named 'Holand' commercially started selling American Valentines Day card in the name of ''what else valentine'' and in the first year,card worth of 5000$ was sold.Point to be noted that 5000$ during that period was more valuable than that of today and it was a very mentionable event.Finally the popularity of this day became more due to the influence of media.A certain class of media turned the absurd festival of distribution of men and women through lottery to the festival of loving couples.
My personal opinion regarding 'Saint Valentines' Day' is,"If people really celebrate this day for the cause of love then they are knowingly or unknowingly spreading hate speech against love.Because love is not confined in only one day.Love is eternal.There is no logic for true lovers to celebrate Valentines' Day and set an example of one day love or more specifically a one night thing."